Hounds, as a group, are the original hunting dogs around the world. Some hunt by scent, others through keen sight and great speed, and still others through a combination of scent and sight. Intelligence and independence are common traits.
Afghan Hound: A hunting dog of outstanding ability, the Afghan Hound is often referred to as the King of Dogs. A sighthound, built to travel at high speed over rough and rocky terrain and to twist and turn with amazing agility when in pursuit of prey, the Afghan is a powerful dog with deep chest, strong legs and big paws. Dignity and aloofness characterize this hound. AKC Standard Parent Club: Afghan Club of America
American English Coonhound: Lean, muscular and sleek, the American English Coonhound was bred originally to hunt racoons by night and red fox by day. Considered one of the fastest coonhounds, the breed has come to be specialized mostly in night hunts on racoons, and is sometimes referred to as the Redtick Coonhound. AKC Standard Parent Club: American English Coonhound Association
American Foxhound: Tracing their lineage to hounds owned and bred by George Washington, American Foxhounds were bred to chase, but not kill, a fox - as well as to work closely around horses, since they were used in horseback hunts. Their musical baying can carry for miles. The American Foxhound is the state dog of Virginia! AKC Standard Parent Club: American Foxhound Club, Inc.
Basenji: Often known as the "Barkless Dog", Basenjis are active dogs still used for hunting in Africa today. They were bred to be independent, resourceful and efficient hunters, and their intelligence and curiosity persists even in Basenjis who are "family" dogs. AKC Standard Parent Club; Basenji Club of America
Basset Hound: Developed in France to trail small game, typically living an hunting in packs, the Basset Hound has scenting abilities second only to those of Bloodhounds. Although low to the ground, and deliberate in motion, they can move out with both speed and determination when on a scent. AKC Standard Parent Club: Basset Hound Club of America
Beagle: Bred to hunt hare, Beagles originated in England and accompanied early English settlers to America. They were a sturdy, utilitarian hound of course for farmers and small landholders. Their ability to scent, their motivation to follow game, and their curiosity persist to this day. AKC Standard Parent Club: The National Beagle Club of America
Black and Tan Coonhound: Though Black and Tan Coonhounds do not need to hunt to be happy, most all possess strong hunting instincts. Although especially bred for racoons, they also train well for deer, bear, and mountain cats. They are very people-oriented, and thrive on human companionship. AKC Standard Parent Club: American Black and Tan Coonhound Club
Bloodhound: The Bloodhound is a man-trailer without equal. Used by police and search and rescue around the world, a Bloodhound will follow the human scent - of a lost child, a criminal, or a confused senior - through punishing terrain, never giving up until he finds his target. Their scenting ability is so accurate, that the results of their mantrailing is accepted in almost any court of law. AKC Standard Parent Club: American Bloodhound Club
Bluetick Coonhound: In the early 20th century, Fred Gipson, author of “Old Yeller,” described a particular line of coonhounds as "a big, bell-voiced hound with a nose that can pick up a week-old trail, the endurance to run that trail 30 hours at a stretch, and the lusty courage that’ll make him tackle anything that won’t take a tree before he catches him.” AKC Standard Parent Club: American Bluetick Coonhound Association
Borzoi: The Borzoi was bred to course game on open terrain, relying on sight, rather than scent, to find their prey. The Borzoi's unmistakably elegant and flowing lines are all a part of a body built for power, speed, agility and endurance during long hunts. AKC Standard Parent Club: Borzoi Club of America